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List only the directories October 19, 2005

Posted by Carthik in commands, snippets, ubuntu.
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I had a trivial problem today where I had a huge list of files in a directory, and other directories within the directory. I was looking for a specific directory and wanted to get the files out of the way. I wanted a listing of the directories within the current directory and nothing more. Luckily, with a little experimentation I was able to figure out how to do this :

$ ls -l | grep “^d”

Neat.

Comments»

1. Eamonn Sullivan - October 19, 2005

Another one I find myself using a lot is: ls -ltr

That’s for directories such as /var/log that have lots of files in them and you want to know which ones have been updated most recently. It lists files, in detail, in reverse order of modification time. So once all the files have streamed through your screen, the ones at the bottom are the ones that have just been updated.

2. adamjacobmuller - October 19, 2005

find . -type d -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1

3. Shot - October 19, 2005

Not to mention the wonderful program tree.

tree -d -L 1

4. Cousteau - October 19, 2005

I have written small scripts to handle this since it frequently comes up for me too. Then last month somebody showed me this:

ls -d */

5. jacked - October 22, 2005

I second the vote for:

ls -d */

I just learned of it myself, also about a month ago. I think it was buried in a Slashdot comment.

6. tyler - November 1, 2005

does anyone know _how_ `ls -d */` works? after looking at the output of `ls -d` and `ls */` i’m totally confused.

7. ubuntonista - November 1, 2005

tyler, the -d says “do not descend into sub-directories, it is the same as saying -d1.

The */ says list only items ending in / (which are directories).

If you want to see hidden directories, you could do a ls -d .*/

8. K4HM - July 22, 2006

hmm…. While this seems to work – it is NOT as documented in Ubuntu info and man pages.

Both of those reference document the -d option as:
-d, –directory
list directory entries instead of contents, and do not
dereference symbolic links

Based on that definition ‘ls -d’ should have produced the desired results – but as we know it does not.

9. bashomat - July 23, 2006

One should note that the wildcards are expanded by bash (or the shell you are using) not by ls.
ls -d will not list directories but the entries, by default no argument leads to the current directory entry that is “.”.
All other stuff like “ls -d */” is actually shell based and expands to something like “ls -d bla/ blub/ …./” and then just prints out those single entries.
Clearly “ls */” will then list the contents of all patterns matching it and thus the files in the directories matching this pattern (read: not the hidden dirs).
As proposed some time ago the “find” command will probably lead to the “best” results as its independent of bash globbing….

10. Goran Kavrecic - August 2, 2006

That’s fine, but i need a neat list of directory names, without prefixes or trailing slashes.

How to filter this out?

11. vsutra - August 7, 2006

Try:
# for i in $(ls -d */); do echo ${i%%/}; done

12. Panasonic Youth » Blog Archive » Comand Line Tip: How to List Only Directories - August 7, 2006

[...] There are some other ways discussed here at the Ubuntu log. [...]

13. Mohammad - August 31, 2006

tree -fid is also nice. Useful in scripts.

14. davud - September 1, 2006

Realizzare PCB è facilissimo con PCBFacile.

15. jjdenhup - November 2, 2006

#10, i used this to have just directory names:

find . -type d -printf ‘%P\b’

find lets you format your output however you want.

16. lokesh - November 17, 2006

This is one is good,
ls -d */ | xargs -l basename

Jekaterina Nesterenko - December 14, 2011

In a tester i got that the basename is missing an operant…

17. Bambang Sumitra - December 4, 2006

i always do this ls -d */
then alias it using
lsd = `ls -d */`
so you just have to type “lsd”

18. ben - January 26, 2007

well since the */ is interpreted by the shell anyhow why not use
echo */
to list directories and if you dont like the trailing “/”
echo */ ” ” | sed “s/\/ /\n/g”
?

19. lejeczek - February 25, 2007

this is neat vsutra, nice, how about folders whose names consists of a space and we would need to move them?
thanks in advance and regards

20. weenie - March 22, 2007

why the h311 isn’t there an option right in ls to do this? why do I have to pi55 around with for loops and crap like that to get a basic piece of information. List me the damn directories ONLY.

too much to ask?

21. vsutra - April 5, 2007

To lejeczek:
Well since the default field separator includes space, we’ll need to change the code slightly to this:
IFS=$’\x0A';for i in $(ls -1d */); do echo ${i%%/}; done
It should display out directories with spaces in it properly.

I’m not entirely sure whether I understand the second part of your question, but maybe this will help in manipulating the output:
IFS=$’\x0A';for i in $(ls -1d */); do echo “\”${i%%/}\””; done

To weenie:
ls -d */
thats all you need to do just to list down the directories, the rest of it is just to format the output.

22. jimK - April 9, 2007

find . -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d -print0 | xargs -0 | sed ‘s/.\//\n/g’

This will get the directories only even if the has spaces or other characters in the name and then strip out the leading ./ and replace it with a newline. drop the last | and stuff after it and add your favoritecommand to process the directories with:
find . -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d -print0 | xargs -0 du -sh
show how much disk space each directory takes up.

23. kunle - April 9, 2007

this is fun
echo */*/*/

24. kunle - April 9, 2007

i need help.
i’m trying to backup multiple directories using tar. however i want those directories to keep their corresponding names.
e.g.
test1 = test1.tar
test2 = test2.tar
test3 = test3.tar and so on.
i tried to using the find command, to print the names, but after that i don’t know how to pipe it properly to tar.

please help

25. Victor - April 11, 2007

Hello,

I am using ls -d */ to get directories, but the list coming out contains not only directories but also files, behind which the commando simply puts /. The strange thing is, on my home directory it works fine, it only happens when I use it on another server (which need to be done cause my data is there).
Somebody has a suggestion?

26. Victor - April 11, 2007

Solved it, indirectly: the directories had short names, files longer. so i used the command ls -d /*/???/ /*/????/ /*/?????/
very strange tho

27. How to list just directories in bash « spugbrap’s blog - May 18, 2007

[...] What follows are a couple of ways of doing what I was trying to do, which I found in a post (and its comments) on the Ubuntu Blog, “List only the directories“: [...]

28. nagaraju - August 10, 2007

ls -d */ | xargs -l basename
This wokrs good.
BUT, if a directory has a space in the name , then it is not displaying full name.

29. oGanso - August 14, 2007

kunle – April 9, 2007
this is fun
echo */*/*/

this is alot more fun:
echo /*/*/*/

30. senbei - October 10, 2007

hey there!
what about ths one:

ls -R | grep ./

31. Ron C - January 4, 2008

GREAT list! Even with the numerous variations listed here, I was unable to find one to match my exact needs – I am sure there is probably an easier way to do this, as I am a bit of a noob, but I needed a recursive list of directories within a directory, with the spaces escaped. I ended up writing this:

find . -type d | sed ‘s/ /\\ /g’

The odd thing is, when I run it within my script to assign the output to a variable, the spaces are no longer escaped, and the X’s are missing? Oh well, back to do further research…

32. Craig - January 16, 2008

ls -l | grep ^d | awk ‘{print $9}’ | grep -v ^\\.

33. Dwell Time » links for 2008-01-23 - January 23, 2008

[...] List only the directories « Ubuntu Blog listing of the directories within the current directory (tags: linux howto bash directories codesnips) Share and Enjoy: These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages. [...]

34. Victor Engmark - February 6, 2008

Print directory names one line at a time, without any other characters:
find . -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d -printf %P\\n

Look ma, no pipes :)

35. Victor Engmark - February 6, 2008

Print directory names one line at a time, without any other characters:
find . -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d -printf %P\\n

Look ma, no pipes :)

36. ayoy - March 13, 2008

Nice for recursive directories permissions switching (in my case 700 -> 755):

find . -type d -mindepth 1 2>/dev/null | sed ‘s/^/”/g; s/$/”/g’ | xargs chmod 755

37. jeffjose - June 2, 2008

Thanks for ls -d */
works fine !!

38. Regis - July 17, 2008

nice tips indeed, it works fine for me
I was using find . -type d but ls -d */ looks better

39. brice - July 24, 2008

find . -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d | grep -v ‘^\./\.’

aliased as ldir

works for me!

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42. Still - November 14, 2008

I’ve really been enjoying reading all that stuff of incredible ingenuity :)

Thanx folks for sharing :)

43. Daaaaaave - November 24, 2008

If you wish to display files only, try this:

ls -p | grep -v ‘/$’

44. x-----x - November 29, 2008

Oooooookay, came across this thread when trying to chmod a directory (with files) I copied from a Windoze machine (dirs=755, files=644).
If anybody wants to do just that, try this:

find . -type d -print0 | xargs -0i chmod 755 {}
find . -type f -print0 | xargs -0i chmod 644 {}

Using -print0 and -0i (be careful, these are zeros), every file’s oder folder’s name may even contain special characters like quotes. Nice.

45. cmg - December 10, 2008

ls -l | grep “^d” | sed ‘s/[ ][ ]*/ /g’ | cut -d ” ” -f 8
:-)

46. CSNY Rocks! - January 1, 2009

dont know if its valid but…
type cd and then press TAB key twice

47. Jadu Saikia - January 19, 2009
48. Imran Chaudhry - April 20, 2009

ls -d */ is just what I need but ideally ls should have options like:

–dirs-only
–files-only

(maybe more for blocks and pipes?)

and an alias like lsdir (cf. lsusb, lspci)

lslatest for ls -latr (which I use a helluvalot)

There’s always bash aliases for those I guess.

49. Colin - April 23, 2009

Tada! Lists only top directories,in dictionary order,then pipes it into a text file:

find . -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d -printf %P\\n | sort -d > filelist.txt

50. Cesar - July 8, 2009

ls -1l | grep ‘^d’ | awk ‘{print $8}’

51. montana - August 14, 2009

for dos/cmd NT shell [lol] use:

dir /ad /b

produces what everyone is looking for with ls

it should be an option for ls for sure, but

put this in a shell script and you can filter out directories that start with a certain character sequence, reverse the reg ex and you could make it inclusive.

find . -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d -printf “%P\\n” | sort -d | grep -P “^[^$1]”

cool stuff amazing how many different ways there are to do something in the shell. have to love it.

52. montana - August 14, 2009

@ayoy

doesn’t chmod -R do that…?

53. Noe - September 15, 2009

What about:

echo */

?

54. hakan - September 29, 2009

for listing with subdirectories

find ./ -type d

55. 200.5 - October 10, 2009

You want to allow for experimentation. ,

56. luissquall - May 22, 2010

Removing hidden files from @Colin command,

find . -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -name ‘[!.]*’ -type d -printf %P\\n

57. MikeWhit - July 8, 2010

Strikes me that the originator(s) of ls should just have put in an option to filter (include/exclude) by file mode. Then you could have shown directories only, or whatever you required. It’s a strange omission.

Seems obvious really, and the annoying thing is that DOS/cmd does (sort of) have that option: dir /A

58. Neel - August 9, 2010

I just tried ls -ld */ and I got the exact desire output!

59. matanya - September 6, 2010

me too

60. porno sikiş - September 27, 2010

Not to mention the wonderful program tree.

61. sex sikiş - September 28, 2010

That’s for directories such as /var/log that have lots of files in them and you want to know which ones have been updated most recently. It lists files, in detail, in reverse order of modification time. So once all the files have streamed through your screen, the ones at the bottom are the ones that have just been updated.

62. güvenlik kamerası - September 30, 2010

Thanks friends information

63. Clinton - September 30, 2010

Under Mac OS X (and likely BSD),

basename -a */

gives the desired output.

64. evden eve nakliyatzinciri - October 21, 2010

evden eve

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66. nashwaan - October 25, 2010

anyone knows how to list directories only including hidden directories along with their details?

i know half of the solution:
ls -l -d */ # but hidden directories are not shown

Arun - November 18, 2010

See message No. 7

67. Kalpana - November 29, 2010

Hi
ls -l -d */ -explain this cmd mechanism

68. delete000 - December 15, 2010

just another one which removes the / in the end:

ls -1d */ | awk ‘BEGIN {FS=”/”};{print $1}’

69. How to list directories in a Linux terminal « Arto's Tech Blog - January 1, 2011

[...] Note that this relies on your shell interpreter (i.e. bash) to expand the wildcard. If this does not fit your needs, you can find many alternatives here. [...]

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71. astick - April 20, 2011

I need a command which will list out all the directoies under a directory except the latest one.

and also to move the list to a different path

72. Nate Kittelson - May 26, 2011

I say somebody should come up with the rube goldberg of this that a) has the most steps, and b) take the longest time.

73. Jim - June 3, 2011

On OS X I modified to:
find ./ -type f -exec sed -i “” ‘s/string1/string2/’ {} \;

after reading this thread:

http://hintsforums.macworld.com/showthread.php?t=95246

74. artZer0's Tech Blog » How to list directories in a Linux terminal - June 22, 2011

[...] Note that this relies on your shell interpreter (i.e. bash) to expand the wildcard. If this does not fit your needs, you can find many alternatives here. [...]

75. Hari Krishnan P - August 6, 2011

simple
ls |grep /

76. antalya böcek ilaçlama - August 8, 2011

antalya ev ilaçlama

77. How to list directories in a Linux terminal | The Tech Juice - August 11, 2011

[...] Note that this relies on your shell interpreter (i.e. bash) to expand the wildcard. If this does not fit your needs, you can find many alternatives here. [...]

78. http://tutiez.com - August 30, 2011

Thanks I was looking for unix command to list the directories.

79. Lol - October 10, 2011

how about pressing

cd
then tab twice

lol

80. kk - February 29, 2012

ls -l | grep ‘^d’

81. Acein L. - May 6, 2012

Excellent:

1. ls -d */
ls -d .*/

2. find path -type d -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1

3. ls -l | grep “^d”

82. Bbialy - July 5, 2012

Maybe like this:
ls -d */ |cut -d/ -f1

83. Bastian - July 31, 2012

Cool. But what actually does the ‘ls -d’ part? ‘echo */’ works exactly the same. But it has problems with spaces. When I do ‘for i in `echo /*'; do echo $i; done’ I get directory with spaces split over two lines. For what reason so ever ‘for i in `echo “*/”`; echo $i; done’ works but I have no clue why, since ‘echo “*/”‘ yields just ‘*/’ as expected. Any clue?

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85. Maxwel Leite - October 2, 2013

ls -l –time-style=long-iso | egrep ‘^d’ | awk ‘{print $8}’

From: http://moinne.com/blog/ronald/bash/list-directory-names-in-bash-shell

86. Chandra Chandrasekhar - October 15, 2013

find [!.]* -maxdepth 0 -type d

Excludes . and .. and outputs only directories atthe current level with no trailing slashes.

87. Isaac Li - October 16, 2013

ls -R | grep : > folder.list

while read F
do
# To remove “./” from the front
tmp=${F#”./”}
# To remove “:” from the back
tmp=${tmp%”:”}
echo “$tmp”
done < folder.list

Isaac Li - October 16, 2013

Need help with simplifying the code and remove . from the outputs, can i do it without output it to the folder.list
any ideas?

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